Known since ancient times, and considered to be a flower sent by the Sun God, Chamomile (Matricaria chamomilla or M. recutica
) was used even in Egypt and Rome
as a topical ointment to relieve muscle pain
, a Greek doctor, and Plinius
, a famous writer and Renaissance man of the 1st century suggested applying it to cure headache, as well as kidney, liver and bladder problems. Its anti-inflammatory powers were mentioned as early as the medieval times
, in prescriptions from monks serving in hospitals and monasteries.
Chamomile, found throughout the country, and famous for its unparalleled curative powers, is most wide spread on the lick soil of the Hungarian Great Plains
. One of the main active agents of the Hungarian Chamomile oil is chamazulene. Some of the therapeutic uses of Chamomile oil include treating inflammation (internal and external as well), improving digestion, and treating menstrual and menopausal problems.
Cultivated Chamomile is gathered in June and July
; its fully bloomed flowers are picked carefully with a tool resembling a comb. When the flowers seem to be dropping their little white heads, it is time to “gather the crop”. Fresh and dried Chamomile is equally effective in various cures
We see this plant along the road, on pastures, and in the humidity of riverbanks. It can grow as tall as 2 meters (6 ½ ft)
. Weavers used its husky flower petals to teasel, to nap the baize. Adherent leaves cupping around the shaft collect raindrops and dew.
Researchers claim that the name of the plant is based on folk observation: people may have seen the hawk drinking from the moisture accumulated in the leaves.