1 June, 2007
The Alphabet of Nikolsburg is the first known compilation of the Hungarian runes
. It dates to the 15th century. Its Latin title says, “Littere Siculorum quae sculpunt vel cidunt in lignis
.” (Approximate translation: Szekely
letters that have been carved in wood.) It is written on parchment, and it lists 47 signs
. 35 of these are simple signs and 11 ligatures or tied letters. The inscription ends with the word 'Amen.'
The runic alphabet of Nikolsburg from 1483.
Source: Forrai, Sandor. Az osi magyar rovasiras az okortol napjainkig, p. 293, 1994.
The origin of the Hungarian runes has been studied by many scholars throughout the centuries, and the script has experienced a new revival in the past 10-15 years. One of the latest versions of the “Szekely Alphabet” lists 40 signs
, three of which are syllabic:
Source: Szabados, Robert. "Osi Hun-Magyar Rovasiras". 24 Nov. 1998.
The Székely Runic Script
The Székely runic script is a Turkic type script perpetuated among the Székelys of south-east Transylvania, Romania. It is believed to have originated before the Hungarian Conquest (Honfolgalás